In the 15th century the Protestant Reformation movement had not yet splintered the Christian Church. That phenomenon engulfed Europe in the 16th century. Martin Luther’s Ninety-five Theses, the main catalyst of the reformation, were still forty years away when Dracula disappeared. Yet, as the Christians confronted the Ottomans in the 14th and 15th centuries, they found their church much weakened by schisms and pre-reformation stirrings.

The most important and seemingly permanent rift in the Church of Christ was theGreat Schism, which took place in the 11th century. It was then that the two major branches of Christianity, Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox, separated, never to be reunited.

Toward the end of the 14th century the Catholic Church suffered a devastating blow known as the Papal Schism.  Over a period of nearly forty years two men claimed simultaneously to be the true Pope. The consequences of this division to the prestige and power of the church were to prove catastrophic in the following century.

Then, just as the Papal Schism was finally mended, the first large-scale armed confrontation between the Catholic Church and its critics erupted in Bohemia. This conflict, known as the Hussite Wars, lasted for fifteen years and paved the road for the Protestant Reformation, unleashed by Martin Luther.It was then this Christian Church, with its internal fault lines and growing discontent, that was supposed to rally the people of Europe against the Moslem threat represented by the Ottoman Empire.Dracula Chronicles illuminates the struggle for power of these two religions. The Christian-Moslem clash reached its zenith during Dracula’s lifetime and propelled this ruler Wallachia, a minor Danubian principality, onto the world stage.

Categories: Novel Notes

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