A difficulty arising for readers of historical fiction is remembering the names of characters and places. This stems from unfamiliarity with foreign names, and from the re-occurrence of names with variations in spelling. The Dracula Chronicles has sought to alleviate this burden for its readers by making appropriate name substitutions.

In cases where the name of a historical character has been altered or replaced, the original name is provided for reference. Names and places in colored font have a particular significance in the story. Birth dates provided only for characters who play a more-than-casual role. Death dates withheld and marked with *** in cases that could constitute plot spoilers. A pronunciation key in […] is provided for selected characters and places; the syllable stress is indicated by a diacritical mark or underlining.

Aaron: Michael Novak’s valet
Adela’s Twins: Site northeast of Bucur’s Crossing; place where Monk Arcadicus spotted Akinci raiders; see the Glossary for the term Akinci
Alba Clan: Wealthy family of Wallachian boyars; see the Houses of Dracula Chronicles
Alba, Dan (b. 1401 – ***): Head of the Alba Clan in the time of Dracula; treasurer at the court of King Dracul; see the Houses of Dracula Chronicles
Alba, Esmeralda (b. 1427 – ***): Daughter of Dan and Helena Alba; see the Houses of Dracula Chronicles
Alba, Ghenadios (b. 1300 – d. 1365): Founder of the Alba Clan; treasurer at the court of King Alexander Basarab; see the Houses of Dracula Chronicles
Alba, Helena (b. 1403 – ***): Wife of Dan Alba; mother of Esmeralda; see the Houses of Dracula Chronicles
Alba, Julius (b. 1420 – ***): Son of Peter Alba; see the Houses of Dracula Chronicles
Alba, Lucas (b. 1332 – d. 1375): Son of Ghenadios Alba; see the Houses of Dracula Chronicles
Alba, Martin (b. 1330 – d. 1395): Son of Ghenadios Alba; see the Houses of Dracula Chronicles
Alba, Peter (b. 1403 – ***): Brother of Dan Alba; father of Julius Alba; see the Houses of Dracula Chronicles
Alcibiades: Prominent Athenian statesman, orator, and general
Alexander Basarab: king of Wallachia; founder of the House of Basarab; see the Houses of Dracula Chronicles
Alexander: Alexander of Macedon; a.k.a. Alexander the Great; king of Macedonia
Amasya: Ottoman town in northeastern Anatolia
Anatolia: The Asia Minor zone of the Ottoman Empire; region corresponding roughly to the Asia Minor part of modern Turkey; see the Maps of Dracula Chronicles
Arcadicus: Monk who spotted the Akinci raiders at Adela’s Twins
Argesh Court: Wallachian town on the Argesh River; royal seat until the time of King Justus
Argesh River: River in Wallachia, west of Targoviste; originating in the southern flank of the Carpathian Mountains; tributary of the Danube River; see the Maps of Dracula Chronicles
Athos: a.k.a. Holy Mount Athos; peninsula in northern Greece; host to a large number of Orthodox monasteries; see the Maps of Dracula Chronicles
Baba [báh-bah]: see Novak, Baba
Baragan [burr-a-góhn] Plain: Vast field stretching east and west in the space between the Devil’s Belt forest and the Danube River; see the Maps of Dracula Chronicles
Bektashi Dervish Order: An Islamic Sufi order founded Bektash Veli; see the Glossary for the term dervish
Bey of Nicopolis: Ottoman Governor of Nicopolis; see the Glossary for the term “bey”
Beyazid (1354 – 1403): Ottoman sultan; nicknamed Yıldırım, “the Thunderbolt”
Black Sea: Body of water situated southeast of Wallachia; see the Maps of Dracula Chronicles
Bosphorus: Also spelled “Bosporus”; narrow waterway draining the Black Sea into the Sea of Marmara; it separates Europe from Asia Minor; see the Maps of Dracula Chronicles
Bran Castle [brohn]: Castle situated in the Bran Pass; border checkpoint between Wallachia and Transylvania; see the Maps of Dracula Chronicles
Bran Pass [brohn]: Pass in the Carpathian Mountains connecting Wallachia and Transylvania; see the Maps of Dracula Chronicles
Brankovich, George (b. 1377 – ***): Original name Đurađ Branković; king of Serbia; see the Houses of Dracula Chronicles
Bucur’s [boo-kuhr’s] Crossing: Hamlet on the Baragan Plain, southeast of Targoviste; located at the crossroads of commercial roads; today’s Bucharest; see the Maps of Dracula Chronicles
Buda: Fortress town situated on the Danube River; capital of the Kingdom of Hungary
Büyük: Ottoman prisoner in Eisenmarkt; see the Glossary for the meaning of the name in Turkish
Caesar: Roman general and statesman
Caffa: Genovese commercial outpost on the Crimean Peninsula
Cardinal Cesarini (b. 1398 – ***): Full name Julian Cesarini the Elder; papal legate to the Kingdom of Hungary
Carpathian Mountains: A range of mountains forming an arc across Central and Eastern Europe; the second-longest mountain range in Europe
Chancellor Novak: Founder of the Novak Clan; chancellor at the court of King Alexander Basarab
Christina: A shepherd’s wife; lives with her child in the Devil’s Belt Forest
Constantinople: Capital of Byzantium; capital of the Eastern Roman Empire; capital of the Latin Empire; seat of the Orthodox Ecumenical Patriarch
Cozia [kóh-z-ya]: Monastery and nunnery on the Olt River; place of burial for King Justus, Dracula’s grandfather
Crimean Peninsula: Peninsula on the north shore of the Black Sea; see the Maps of Dracula Chronicles
Dalmatia: A historical region of Croatia; situated on the eastern shore of the Adriatic Sea
Damyan: Christian Bulgarian barge master on the Danube
Dan: See Alba, Dan
Danube: Europe’s second-longest river; it originates in the Black Forest, Germany, and drains into the Black Sea through a delta; see the Maps of Dracula Chronicles
Dar al-Harb: See the Glossary
Dar al-Islam: See the Glossary
Dardanelles: Narrow waterway draining the Sea of Marmara into the Aegean Sea; it separates Europe from Asia Minor; see the Maps of Dracula Chronicles
Darius: king of Persia as Darius III
Devil’s Belt: Vast forest in Wallachia, extending east and west in the space between the Baragan Plain and the southern Carpathian Mountains; see the Maps of Dracula Chronicles
Dracul [dráh-kool] (b. 1398 – ***): Original name Vlad; king of Wallachia as Vlad II; Dracula’s father; see the Glossary for the meaning of the name
Dracula [drah-kool-ah] (b. 1428 – ***): Son of Dracul; see the Glossary for the meaning of the name
Edirne: Formerly Adrianople; capital of the Ottoman Empire in the time of Dracula; see the Maps of Dracula Chronicles
Eisenmarkt: “Hunedoara” in Romanian; fortress town in Transylvania; seat of the Hunyadi Clan; see the Maps of Dracula Chronicles
Elizabeth (b. 1403 – ***): Only child of Emperor Sigismund; widow of Albert II, king of Hungary; regent of Hungary on behalf of her infant son Roland; see the Houses of Dracula Chronicles
Elsa: Wife of Thomas Siegel; mother of Katharina
Emperor Frederick: See Frederick
Enea Silvio Piccolomini (b. 1405 – ***): Poet Laureate at the Vienna court of Emperor Frederick III
Esmeralda: See Alba, Esmeralda
Florian: Royal Verderer; see the Glossary for the term verderer
Florica: Servant girl in Dan Alba’s Targoviste mansion
Frederick: King of the Germans; Holy Roman Emperor as Frederick III
Gaugamela: Site of a battle between Alexander the Great and Darius III
Gehenna: Word of Greek origin meaning Hell
Genoa: City-state in Liguria (Italy), on the Tyrrhenian Sea; maritime republic in the time of Dracula
Genovese: Citizens of Genoa
George: See Brankovich, George
Ghenadios: See Alba, Ghenadios
Gold Dust: King Dracul’s mare
Gruya [grew-ya]: see Novak, Gruya
Gunther (b. 1380 – ***): Page to a Bavarian knight; taken into slavery at the Battle of Nicopolis, 1396
Gypsy’s Twat: Location of a faux waterfall in the Devil’s Belt forest
Hannibal: Carthaginian general
Hassan Bey: See Hassan
Hassan Pasha: See Hassan
Hassan: Governor of Nicopolis; also addressed as Hassan Bey and Hassan Pasha; see the Glossary for the terms bey and pasha
Helena: See Alba, Helena
Hermannstadt: “Sibiu” in Romanian; fortress town in Transylvania; see the Maps of Dracula Chronicles
Hohenstaufen: House of Hohenstaufen, also known as the Swabian dynasty or the Staufer; dynasty of German monarchs in the High Middle ages; Dracula’s mother was the last descendant of this house
House of Basarab: Dynasty of Wallachian kings (voievodes); see the Houses of Dracula Chronicles
Hristo: Damyan’s grandson
Hungary: Danubian kingdom located on the Pannonian Plain; capital at Buda
Hunyadi [hoon-ya-deeh] Clan: Hungarian lower nobility family; see the Houses of Dracula Chronicles
Hunyadi [hoon-ya-deeh], Janko [yáhn- koh] (b. 1405 – ***): Governor of Transylvania; Captain General of the Kingdom of Hungary; see the Houses of Dracula Chronicles
Hunyadi [hoon-ya-deeh], László [Láhss-low] (b. 1428 – ***): Son of Janko Hunyadi; see the Houses of Dracula Chronicles
Ignatius: Wallachian boyar; member of King Dracul’s Royal Council; master of the horse
Ilaria: Marissa’s name as a nun
Ilie: One of King Alexander’s riders sent to fetch Theodore
Ioanides: Robber standing watch in the Devil’s Belt Forest
Jacob: King Dracul’s valet
Janko [yáhn- koh]: See Hunyadi, Janko
Joan of Arc: French seer; burned at the stake for heresy in 1431 at the age of 19
Job: Gatekeeper at Peter Alba’s mansion
Joseph: Mounted castle guard in the service of King Dracul
Josiah: Abbot at the Cozia monastery
Judas Iscariot: One the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ; known for his kiss and betrayal of Jesus
Julius: See Alba, Julius
Justus (b. 1353 – d. 1418): Original name Mircea [meer-cha]; King Mircea I, a.k.a. Mircea the Elder; King Dracul’s father; Dracula’s grandfather
Karaman: An Islamic province neighboring the Ottoman Empire on its southern Anatolian border; see the Maps of Dracula Chronicles
Katharina: Saxon girl from Kronstadt; daughter of Thomas and Elsa Siegel
Kilia [key-lee-yah]: Wallachian outpost near the Black Sea in the Danube Delta
King Alexander: See Alexander Basarab
King Justus: See Justus
King Zaal: Persian king; father to Rostam; character in Shahnameh; see the Glossary for Shahnameh
Klausenburg: “Cluj” in Romanian; fortress town in Transylvania; see the Maps of Dracula Chronicles
Kronstadt: “Brasov” in Romanian; fortress town in Transylvania; see the Maps of Dracula Chronicles
Lash (b. 1424 – ***): Dracula’s Gypsy manservant
László [láhss-low]: See Hunyadi, László
Leonidas: Spartan king; hero of the battle of Thermopylae
Longchamps: One of Michael Novak’s estates
Lorenzo: Abbot of the Targoviste Catholic monastery
Lucas: See Alba, Lucas
Macarios: Priest at the court of King Alexander; in charge of the inquiry into the claims of the seer Theodore
Marcus (b. 1426 – ***): Original name Mircea [meer-cha]; oldest son of King Dracul; Dracula’s older stepbrother.
Marissa (b. 1380 – ***): King Justus’ concubine; Dracula’s grandmother
Marmara: See Sea of Marmara
Martin: See Alba, Martin
Mathilda: See Novak, Mathilda
Mecca: Holiest city in Islam; located on the Arabian Peninsula
Medwesch: “Mediaş” in Romanian; fortress town in Transylvania
Mezid: Governor of the Ottoman fortress town of Vidin; see Vidin below
Michael: see Novak, Michael
Moldavia: Moldova in Romanian; See the World of Dracula Chronicles; see the Maps of Dracula Chronicles
Mühlbach: “Sebeş” in Romanian; fortress town in Transylvania
Mullah Sivasi: Omar’s childhood madrasah instructor; see the Glossary for the terms mullah and madrasah
Murad (b. 1404 – ***): Ottoman Sultan during Dracula’s teenage years; known as Murad II; see the Houses of Dracula Chronicles
Nestor (b. 1420 – ***): Original nameVladislav [Vláhd-y-slahv]; nicknamed “the Usurper”; Wallachian prince from the House of Basarab; second cousin to Dracula; see the Houses of Dracula Chronicles
Nicholas: Greek secretary to Hassan Bey
Nicopolis: Fortress town on the right bank of the Danube River; site of the last Crusade before Dracula’s time; see the Maps of Dracula Chronicles
Nikifor: Gatekeeper at the Targoviste monastery
Norbert (b. 1424 – ***): Original name Władysław; king of Poland from 1434; also king of Hungary from 1440
Novak Clan: Wallachian boyar house
Novak, Baba [báh-bah] (b. 1402 – ***): Wallachian boyar; sword-bearer to King Dracul; member of King Dracul’s Royal Council; member of King Dracul’s small council; son of Michael; father to Gruya
Novak, Gruya [grew-ya] (b. 1426 – ***): Dracula’s squire; Baba Novak’s son; Michael Novak’s grandson; see the Houses of Dracula Chronicles
Novak, Mathilda (b. 1382 – ***): Dracula’s governess; wife to Michael Novak; grandmother to Gruya
Novak, Michael (b. 1380 – ***): Wallachian boyar; chancellor at the court of King Dracul; member of King Dracul’s Royal Council; member of King Dracul’s small council; father to Baba Novak; grandfather to Gruya Novak; Dracula’s mentor; see the Houses of Dracula Chronicles
Nuremberg: Town in Bavaria; the unofficial capital of the Holy Roman Empire during Emperor Sigismund’s time
Olt River: River in Wallachia; it originates in Transylvania; tributary of the Danube River; see the Maps of Dracula Chronicles
Oma: German for “grandmother”; Dracula picked up the habit of using this term as a child in the Saxon town of his birth, Schassburg
Omar (b. 1407 – ***): Akinci raider; oldest brother of Redjaï,Sezaï, and Zekaï
Opa: German for “grandfather”; Dracula picked up the habit of using this term as a child in the Saxon town of his birth, Schassburg
Ottoman Empire: Turkish empire founded by Osman in early 14th century; began in Anatolia and spread to Europe, Middle East, and northern Africa; lasted until early 20th century; see the Houses of Dracula Chronicles
Pavel: Mounted castle guard in the service of King Dracul
Persia: Territory covering parts of today’s Iran, Afghanistan, and Iraq
Peter: See Alba, Peter
Petrica: Wallachian boy abducted by Akinci raiders
Philip: Secretary to Ghenadios Alba
Plutarch: Greek historian
Pope Eugene (b. 1383 – d. 1447): Eugene IV, pope during Dracula’s teenage years
Radu [ráh-do] (b. 1435 – ***): Third son of King Dracul; Dracula’s youngest stepbrother; see the Houses of Dracula Chronicles
Rakhsh: Rostam’s horse
Raluca: King Alexander’s daughter-in-law; mother to King Justus
Redjaï (b. 1413 – ***): Akinci raider; Omar’s brother
Roland (b. 1440 – ***): Original name Ladislaus; not mentioned by name in Book One, Son of the Dragon; son of King Albert II of Hungary; born after his father’s death, hence nicknamed “the Posthumous”; see the Houses of Dracula Chronicles
Rostam: Character in the Persian epic poem Shahnameh, the Book of Kings; national Persian hero; son of King Zaal
Roter Turm: German for “Red Tower”; “Turnu Roşu” in Romanian. Narrow mountain pass on the Olt River and border checkpoint between Wallachia and Transylvania; see the Maps of Dracula Chronicles
Rumelia: The European zone of the Ottoman Empire. Region corresponding to parts of current Bulgaria, Serbia, and Northern Greece; see the Maps of Dracula Chronicles
Sandomierz: County seat in Poland
Satan’s Wrath: Glade in the Devil’s Belt forest; site containing ruins resulting from an Akinci raid
Schassburg: “Sighişoara” in Romanian; fortress town in Transylvania; Dracula’s birthplace.
Sea of Marmara: Body of water between Anatolia and the southeastern shores of Europe; see the Maps of Dracula Chronicles
Selim bin Sedad: See Tirendaz
Sezaï (b. 1415 – ***): Akinci raider; Omar’s brother
Shaytan’s Belt: Name given by Muslim barge master to Devil’s Belt; see the Glossary for the meaning of Shaytan
Siena: Town in Tuscany
Sigismund (b. 1368 – 1437): Holy Roman Emperor and king of Hungary; see the Houses of Dracula Chronicles
Silk Road: Ancient commercial road with numerous branches; stretches from China to Asia Minor
Slatina: Locality in Wallachia known for salt mines
Stan: Wallachian boy abducted by Akinci raiders
Tabriz: Town in Persia
Targoviste [tahr-gó -veesh-teh]: The capital of Wallachia at the time of Dracula; see Maps of Dracula Chronicles
Temeschwar: “Timisoara” in Romanian
The Old Man of the Forest: See Theodore
Theodore (b. 1341 – ***): Seer who is the recipient of the prophecy foretelling the advent of the Son of the Dragon; nicknamed “the Old Man of the Forest”
Theophil: A novice at Cozia monastery
Thomas Siegel: Saxon from Kronstadt, Transylvania; alderman of the Weaver’s Guild; father to Katharina; Ottoman slave
Timur: Dracula’s horse
Tirendaz [tea-ren-dahz] (b. 1404 – ***): Nickname of Selim bin Sedad; advisor to Sultan Murad II; agha of the sultan’s bodyguard; see the Glossary for the meaning of the name and for the term agha
Todor: Wallachian boyar; member of King Dracul’s Royal Council
Transylvania: Region of the Kingdom of Hungary; See the World of Dracula Chronicles; see the Maps of Dracula Chronicles
Trebizond: Also known as “Trebizond Empire”; small Christian Orthodox remnant of the Byzantine Empire; situated on the southeastern shore of the Black Sea; see the Maps of Dracula Chronicles
Tulip: Gypsy woman; bear-handler
Ulfer: King Dracul’s teenage German nickname; means “warrior fierce as a wolf”
Ulrich von Cilli (b. 1406 – ***): Also known as “Count Ulrich”; cousin of Regent Elizabeth; son-in-law of King George Brankovich; see the Houses of Dracula Chronicles
Varlaam: Orthodox Archbishop of Wallachia; Member of King Dracul’s Royal Council
Vidin: Ottoman fortress town situated on the southern bank of the Danube River
Vienna: Capital of the Duchy of Austria; seat of the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III
Vlad [vlohd] (b. 1428 – ***): Prince of the House of Basarab; son of King Dracul; nicknamed “Dracula”; a.k.a. the Impaler
Wallachia [vah-lóck-y-ah]: Kingdom situated between the southern Carpathian Mountains and the Danube River; See the World of Dracula Chronicles; see Maps of Dracula Chronicles
Zaal: See King Zaal
Zaganos: Ottoman officer; third vizier in the government of Sultan Murad II
Zekaï (b. 1427 – ***): Akinci raider; youngest brother to Omar

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